Alternate energy only ray of hope for Pakistan

Khairpur, Sind: Unprecedented energy crisis has dealt a fatal blow to the economy of Pakistan, shattering both agriculture and industry sector, and in this bleak scenario the option of alternate energy is the only hope to save Pakistan from a complete crumble, said speakers of the third International Conference on Computer & Emerging Technologies ICCET 2013 held here at Shah Abdul Latif University SALU.

In a panel of discussion on the Role of ICT and Consumer to Mitigate Energy Crisis in Pakistan, Dr Raziq Yaqub, Director Technical Training, NIKSUN, USA suggested using solar panels to run tubewells. Small-scale electricity could also be generated from the water flow of tubewells. Similarly, flow of water in kitchen tap and bathroom shower in houses could be used for this purpose.

Dr Zubair A Shaikh said Pakistan is an agricultural country with vast opportunities to generate electricity from bio waste. Such plants could be established at sugar mills, rice husking mills, livestock farms and food processing centers. Bio waste in homes and villages could also be used to generate energy.

Other speakers including Dr Mahmood Shah, Dr Thuy, Nisar Ahmed Siddiqui, Dr Syed Irfan Haider, Dr Nisar Ahmed Memon, Dr Abdul Rehman Abbasi, and Yasir Ahmed suggested manufacturing of domestic type, homegrown, mini wind turbines. The speakers highlighted the role of solar energy and said solar panels should be used for streetlights and other purposes. Solar technologies should be given priority, particularly for being used in Agriculture. Loans can be arranged by banks to purchase solar panels.

They said energy efficient buildings should be constructed that may have skylight windows to eliminate the need of bulbs. They said better adaptive insulating material saves energy as it changes properties with outside climate. They said this material if used in construction that absorbs and reflect heat as per weather requirement saves energy spent on heating and cooling the house. They said calculators should be developed to calculate energy requirements of new constructions like big plazas, buildings and complexes. They urged encouraging distributed/localized generation to avoid transmission losses. They said line losses are the biggest water of energy in Pakistan.

The experts said communication technologies must be integrated in such a way that demand response could be managed, and energy peak could be shaved. They noted change of regulatory framework is proposed to allow private energy generation and distribution. The Green IT concept should be promulgated in universities. Use of Piezo material for energy generation should be researched. Effective consumption strategies and best practices should be promoted that also includes promoting the use of energy efficient home appliances and sensors.

They said a research centre should be established in Shah Abdul Latif University SALU, Khairpur to initiate research on these recommendations. They also recommended developing a project proposal for “Excellence centre for Education and Innovation for Energy Efficiencies EEIEE”.

On the occasion research articles were presented by Dr Andrei from UK, Dr Thuy from Vietnam, Dr Thomas from USA, Dr Mahmood Shah from UK, Dr M Fadzil from Malaysia, Dr Nasrullah from Denmark, Dr Abdul Rehman Abbasi from Atomic Energy Commission, Dr Aun Abbas from ICT sector, Dr Irfan Hyder, Dr Jawwad Shamsi, Dr Safeeullah Soomro and Taha Anwar, Kashif Laeeq, and Dr Tayyaba Zarif from Karachi, Abdul Basit from Islamabad, Attique Shah from Quetta, , Saeed Ahmed Khan Abro from Sukkur, Muhammad Nawaz Tunio from Tandojam and Samina Soomro from Shikarpur.

The concluding ceremony was held at Allama I. I. Kazi Hall. Prof Dr Parveen Shah, Vice Chancellor SALU presided over the ceremony, while Dr Irfan Hyder, Vice President PAFKIET was the Guest.

Prof Dr. Parveen Shah said Pakistan stands at crossroads to technological threshold today; the world of tomorrow belongs to those nations which invest in R&D and the proper development of human capital through specializing in the emerging technologies.

She said a number of countries in the East Asia have demonstrated in the last two decades how some nations came leap forward several decades of development by investing in R&D.

She said we can learn the same lesson from nations as diverse as Japan, China, Malaysia and Vietnam, which have used investment in education and research as the main instrument for their phenomenal growth. She remarked that the global economic and research scenario is changing at fast pace and dedicated efforts to understand and monitor this continuous change is the need of the hour.

Dr. Syed Irfan Hyder said the destiny of our country depends on universities and educational institutes. He said we need the culture of research because we are encircled with crises and there is need of solid research for community.

Prof Dr. Yasmeen Faiz Kazi Dean Faculty of Natural Sciences said that researchers presented in these two-day must be linked up with the practical aspects and should be translated into applied principals. There is no doubt in my mind that Pakistan encompasses all the elements necessary for advancement and growth, vital for not only survival but success today and in future.

A software competition among the students was held at Students Service Centre, where the winners received shields.